Evangelical Lutheran Diocese of North America

Saturday after the Fourth Sunday after Trinity Sunday

Posted on June 25, 2016 by Pastor Dulas under Devotions
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Scripture: 1 Samuel 16:1-23 (NKJV)

1 Now the LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.”

2 And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.”

And the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’ 3 Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.”

4 So Samuel did what the LORD said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?”

5 And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.

6 So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely the LORD’S anointed is before Him.”

7 But the LORD said to Samuel, “Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have refused him. For the LORD does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.”

8 So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” 9 Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Neither has the LORD chosen this one.” 10 Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “The LORD has not chosen these.” 11 And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are all the young men here?” Then he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep.”

And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here.” 12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!” 13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.

14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and a distressing spirit from the LORD troubled him. 15 And Saul’s servants said to him, “Surely, a distressing spirit from God is troubling you. 16 Let our master now command your servants, who are before you, to seek out a man who is a skillful player on the harp; and it shall be that he will play it with his hand when the distressing spirit from God is upon you, and you shall be well.”

17 So Saul said to his servants, “Provide me now a man who can play well, and bring him to me.”

18 Then one of the servants answered and said, “Look, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, who is skillful in playing, a mighty man of valor, a man of war, prudent in speech, and a handsome person; and the LORD is with him.”

19 Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse, and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep.” 20 And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by his son David to Saul. 21 So David came to Saul and stood before him. And he loved him greatly, and he became his armorbearer. 22 Then Saul sent to Jesse, saying, “Please let David stand before me, for he has found favor in my sight.” 23 And so it was, whenever the spirit from God was upon Saul, that David would take a harp and play it with his hand. Then Saul would become refreshed and well, and the distressing spirit would depart from him.


Samuel does not look at martyrdom as something to be sought after, nor persecution as some necessary part of valor. God gives Samuel a way to carry out the task He now commands him with neither death nor deceit: he is to go to Bethlehem for worship, to go forth so that he and his people might receive the bounty of God’s own hand.

The elders at Bethlehem were wary of Samuel. He spoke for the Lord and executed the Lord’s vengeance. And just like us, each of them knew that if he were judged on his own works and merit, he would be worthy of being disowned like Saul and hacked to pieces like Agag. Yet, Samuel came to worship in peace—to sacrifice, and to pour out the Lord’s blessings upon those who would trust in the Promised One Who would be sacrificed for all—so he invited them to be set apart from their sins and worship with him.

In this context, God would have Samuel anoint a new king. Yet Samuel seems to start with the same mindset as these elders of Bethlehem: searching based on sight, what the human mind and heart would suggest. This man must be God’s king first and foremost, and the Lord would pick him not on outward appearance, but on his heart. David was the youngest, humbly watching the sheep, yet bravely fighting their enemies. His faithfully living within his humble vocation would be a good foreshadowing of how his Descendant, Jesus, God’s Son, would be—and all the more as he would end up serving King Saul faithfully, even though Saul hated and feared him.

Almighty God, grant us wisdom and strength for Jesus’ sake, that we might hold fast Your Word in all of our endeavors. Amen.

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